Copernicus and Sentinel
What it is…
Copernicus is an European Earth observation programme headed by the European Commission in partnership with the European Space Agency (ESA). It consists of different systems for data acquisition, combining remote sensing and on-site measurements. From this data, information about environmental and security issues will be derived and collected in so called Copernicus Services. Some services are already operational while others are still in testing or development status. These address six thematic areas:
- Land Monitoring
- Marine Monitoring
- Atmosphere Monitoring
- Emergency Management
- Climate Change
All the data including all raw data is open data and with this free of charge!
Numerous satellites, called Sentinels are the core of the Copernicus programme. Until 2025 nearly 20 satellites of six different types from the first generation will be operating in space. The six types differ in channels, sensors and resolution. The missions are:
- Sentinel 1A/B/C/D: Radar Mission
- Sentinel 2A/B/C/D: High Resolution Optical Mission
- Sentinel 3A/B/C/D: Medium Resolution Imaging and Altimetry Mission
- Sentinel 4A/B: Geostationary Atmospheric Chemistry Mission
- Sentinel 5P: Low Earth Orbit Atmospheric Chemistry Mission
- Sentinel 5A/B/C: Low Earth Orbit Atmospheric Chemistry Mission
- Sentinel 6A/B: Altimetry Mission
Until now Sentinel 1A + 1B, 2A, and 3A are already in space. Sentinel 2A was launched in June 2015. Sentinel 3A, 1B, 2B followed, and Sentinel-5P is on the way. Sentinel-1B is now orbiting Earth 180° apart from its twin, Sentinel-1A: with both satellites in the same orbit, together they can cover the whole globe every six days.
Data are available since…
- Sentinel-1A (operational since 6 Oct 2014)
- Sentinel-1B (operational since 5 Oct 2016)
- Sentinel-2A (operational since 25 Nov 2015)
- Sentinel-2B (operational since 9 Oct 2017)
How do these ESA satellites compare to NASA satellites? For Sentinel-2 think “Landsat”, for Sentinel-3 think “MODIS”.
What we do with it…
Following the Copernicus Value Chain paradigm, we work towards the interoperability, notably between EO and non-EO data. We believe in the “information as a service” (IaaS) concept, i.e. service provider offering EO enabled services to the public, business and public administration since the data processing is complex and resources demanding.
Besides being contributors to and fans of Open Source Software, we are also big fans of Open Data, because we like the idea behind projects which offer data for everybody for free use. We use Copernicus data as well as other remote sensing data and process the information our customers require on our High Performance Computing systems. Also we optimize the derived data and set up OGC Web Services for the provision of Copernicus Data and added-value services for a broader access and use of this data.
- For our new Sentinel Web portal, visit: https://maps.mundialis.de/
- Web Map Services
- High Performance Geo Computing